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Gerhard Lenski associates conservatism with functionalism, here known as functionalist conservatism, in a dichotomy with radicalism, with the former being authoritarian and the latter egalitarian.1) I am investigating a much more diverse 'ecosystem' with several tendencies of conservatism, which despite often severe differences, in fact rely upon each other as a movement.2) Ideologically, in one way or another, even with capitalist libertarianism, each of these tendencies is, in some way, authoritarian, and this is a defining characteristic of conservatism.3)

Tendencies of conservatism are:

The following image helps to show how David Benfell perceives the tendenciess of conservatism to relate to each other as a sort of complex Venn diagram with ideological overlaps and tendencies toward poles depicted in a larger font size. The regions depicted do not reflect popularity of each set of ideas and are not drawn to scale. Further, these regions only sometimes indicate rivalries and alliances.

Also see:

Gerhard Lenski, Power and Privilege: A Theory of Social Stratification (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966).
David Benfell, “The Quixotic Quest to Comprehend Conservatism, Part 1,” May 16, 2014,; David Benfell, “The Quixotic Quest to Comprehend Conservatism, Part 2,” May 29, 2014,
David Benfell, “Defining conservatism,” April 12, 2013,
conservatism.txt · Last modified: 2017/02/27 11:44 by benfell