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 [[http://​www.conservapedia.com/​Neoconservatism|Neoconservatism]] arose largely in reaction to the social tumult of the 1960s counterculture movement and to the perceived failure of '​bleeding heart' liberal and Keynesian ideas in the 1970s.((Daniel Stedman Jones, //Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics// (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, 2012).)) ((George H. Nash, //The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America Since 1945//, 30th anniversary ed. (Wilmington,​ DE: Intercollegiate Studies Institute, 2006).)) Its idea of 'good government'​ entails [[neoliberalism|neoliberalism]] as a moral system.((Gertrude Himmelfarb, "​Irving Kristol'​s Neoconservative Persuasion,"​ //​Commentary//​ 131, no. 2 (2011): 25-29.)) Neoconservatives are very much at odds with [[traditionalist conservatism|traditionalist conservatives]] and with [[paleoconservatism|paleoconservatives]],​ with traditionalists and paleoconservatives seeing neoconservatives as '​usurpers'​. Traditionalists,​ paleoconservatives,​ and capitalist libertarians often oppose war and emphasize limited government, but neoconservatives accept the risk of larger and more intrusive government in order to ensure national security, that is, the protection of purportedly "good government,"​ which they pursue preemptively and aggressively. Though [[capitalist libertarianism|capitalist libertarians]] are usually credited for neoliberal ideology, neoconservatives,​ haven risen rapidly to power during the 1970s, are probably responsible for its adoption as political orthodoxy.((David Benfell, "The Quixotic Quest to Comprehend Conservatism,​ Part 2," May 29, 2014, https://​parts-unknown.org/​wp/​2014/​05/​04/​the-quixotic-quest-to-comprehend-conservatism-part-2/;​ see also David Benfell, "​Nailing down the neoconservative-neoliberal link," November 10, 2014, https://​parts-unknown.org/​wp/​2014/​11/​10/​nailing-down-the-neoconservative-neoliberal-link/​)) Daniel Stedman Jones points out that the arguments for neoliberal economic policy, as made by capitalist libertarians,​ avoid morality,​((Daniel Stedman Jones, //Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics// (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, 2012).)) so it would indeed seem that neoconservatives would be necessary to resolve the paradox of a somewhat social conservative president, Ronald Reagan, adopting an otherwise amoral economic policy. [[http://​www.conservapedia.com/​Neoconservatism|Neoconservatism]] arose largely in reaction to the social tumult of the 1960s counterculture movement and to the perceived failure of '​bleeding heart' liberal and Keynesian ideas in the 1970s.((Daniel Stedman Jones, //Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics// (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, 2012).)) ((George H. Nash, //The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America Since 1945//, 30th anniversary ed. (Wilmington,​ DE: Intercollegiate Studies Institute, 2006).)) Its idea of 'good government'​ entails [[neoliberalism|neoliberalism]] as a moral system.((Gertrude Himmelfarb, "​Irving Kristol'​s Neoconservative Persuasion,"​ //​Commentary//​ 131, no. 2 (2011): 25-29.)) Neoconservatives are very much at odds with [[traditionalist conservatism|traditionalist conservatives]] and with [[paleoconservatism|paleoconservatives]],​ with traditionalists and paleoconservatives seeing neoconservatives as '​usurpers'​. Traditionalists,​ paleoconservatives,​ and capitalist libertarians often oppose war and emphasize limited government, but neoconservatives accept the risk of larger and more intrusive government in order to ensure national security, that is, the protection of purportedly "good government,"​ which they pursue preemptively and aggressively. Though [[capitalist libertarianism|capitalist libertarians]] are usually credited for neoliberal ideology, neoconservatives,​ haven risen rapidly to power during the 1970s, are probably responsible for its adoption as political orthodoxy.((David Benfell, "The Quixotic Quest to Comprehend Conservatism,​ Part 2," May 29, 2014, https://​parts-unknown.org/​wp/​2014/​05/​04/​the-quixotic-quest-to-comprehend-conservatism-part-2/;​ see also David Benfell, "​Nailing down the neoconservative-neoliberal link," November 10, 2014, https://​parts-unknown.org/​wp/​2014/​11/​10/​nailing-down-the-neoconservative-neoliberal-link/​)) Daniel Stedman Jones points out that the arguments for neoliberal economic policy, as made by capitalist libertarians,​ avoid morality,​((Daniel Stedman Jones, //Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics// (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, 2012).)) so it would indeed seem that neoconservatives would be necessary to resolve the paradox of a somewhat social conservative president, Ronald Reagan, adopting an otherwise amoral economic policy.
  
-Neoconservatism at least profits from a widespread and incorrect((Mary Elise Sarotte, "How the Berlin Wall Really Fell," //New York Times//, November 6, 2014, http://​www.nytimes.com/​2014/​11/​07/​opinion/​how-the-berlin-wall-really-fell.html)) interpretation of the fall of the Berlin Wall, as a symbol for the failure of the [[:Soviet Union|Soviet]] system, among the United States political mainstream as vindication for the U.S. system and its associated ideologies.((Melvyn P. Leffler, "The Free Market Did Not Bring Down the Berlin Wall," //Foreign Policy//, November 7, 2014, http://​www.foreignpolicy.com/​articles/​2014/​11/​07/​berlin_wall_fall_25_anniversary_reagan_bush_germany_merkel_cold_war_free_market_capitalism)) This is a false dichotomy combined with a red herring: First, it poses the failure of one system as validation for another; and second, it mistakes ​[[socialism:​authoritarian socialism|authoritarian socialism]] ​for [[:​communism]].((Emma Goldman, "There Is No Communism in Russia,"​ in //Red Emma Speaks: An Emma Goldman Reader//, ed. Alix Kates Shulman, 3rd ed. (Amherst, NY: Humanity, 1998), 405-420.))+Neoconservatism at least profits from a widespread and incorrect((Mary Elise Sarotte, "How the Berlin Wall Really Fell," //New York Times//, November 6, 2014, http://​www.nytimes.com/​2014/​11/​07/​opinion/​how-the-berlin-wall-really-fell.html)) interpretation of the fall of the Berlin Wall, as a symbol for the failure of the [[:Soviet Union|Soviet]] system, among the United States political mainstream as vindication for the U.S. system and its associated ideologies.((Melvyn P. Leffler, "The Free Market Did Not Bring Down the Berlin Wall," //Foreign Policy//, November 7, 2014, http://​www.foreignpolicy.com/​articles/​2014/​11/​07/​berlin_wall_fall_25_anniversary_reagan_bush_germany_merkel_cold_war_free_market_capitalism)) This is a false dichotomy combined with a red herring: First, it poses the failure of one system as validation for another; and second, it conflates ​[[socialism:​authoritarian socialism|authoritarian socialism]] ​with [[:​communism]].((Emma Goldman, "There Is No Communism in Russia,"​ in //Red Emma Speaks: An Emma Goldman Reader//, ed. Alix Kates Shulman, 3rd ed. (Amherst, NY: Humanity, 1998), 405-420.))
  
 ==Publications== ==Publications==
conservatism/neoconservatism.txt ยท Last modified: 2017/05/22 13:41 by benfell