Gerhard Lenski associates conservatism with functionalism, here known as functionalist conservatism, in a dichotomy with radicalism, with the former being authoritarian and the latter egalitarian.1 I am investigating a much more diverse ‘ecosystem’ with several tendencies of conservatism, which despite often severe differences, in fact rely upon each other as a movement.2 Ideologically, in one way or another, even with capitalist libertarianism, each of these tendencies is, in some way, authoritarian, and this is a defining characteristic of conservatism.3
Tendencies of conservatism are:
The following image (figure 1) helps to show how I percieve the tendencies of conservatism to relate to each other as a sort of complex Venn diagram with ideological overlaps and tendencies toward poles depicted in a larger font size. The regions depicted do not reflect popularity of each set of ideas and are not drawn to scale. Further, these regions only sometimes indicate rivalries and alliances.
- 1. Gerhard Lenski, Power and Privilege: A Theory of Social Stratification (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966).
- 2. David Benfell, “The Quixotic Quest to Comprehend Conservatism, Part 1,” May 16, 2014, https://parts-unknown.org/drupal7/journal/2014/05/16/quixotic-quest-comprehend-conservatism-part-1
- 3. David Benfell, “Defining conservatism,” April 12, 2013, https://parts-unknown.org/drupal7/journal/2013/04/12/defining-conservatism